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Plantar Fasciitis

Plantar Fasciitis – Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

What is Plantar Fasciitis?

Plantar fasciitis is inflammation of the plantar fascia, a thick fibrous band of connective tissue running along the sole of your foot. The plantar fascia connects your heel bone to your toes and creates your foot arch.

Plantar fasciitis causes heel pain and can develop due to overuse, overstretching or certain medical conditions. Plantar fasciitis is often associated with a heel spur, which is a small bony growth extending between your heel bone and arch. However, this association is uncertain. 


What Can Cause Plantar Fasciitis?

Plantar fasciitis is a condition that often appears for no apparent reason. However, some of the suspected causes of plantar fasciitis include:

  • Being overweight
  • Certain sports that overstress the heel bone – e.g. running, aerobics and dancing
  • Age
  • Being pregnant
  • Having a flat foot or high arches
  • Wearing shoes with inadequate support
  • Spending a lot of time on your feet


What are the Symptoms of Plantar Fasciitis?

The most common symptom of plantar fasciitis is pain under the heel. The pain may be sharp or dull, and the sole of your foot may ache or burn. There may even be some swelling in the heel. The pain from plantar fasciitis is usually worse in the morning, after prolonged standing or after intense activity.


What is the Best Treatment for Plantar Fasciitis?

Some of the treatments for plantar fasciitis include:

  • Pain relief medications
  • Ice pack
  • Rest
  • Support shoes
  • Heels pads and arch supports
  • Nighttime splints
  • Physiotherapy


What Works for Plantar Fasciitis?

There are many misconceptions about plantar fasciitis. A lot of health care professionals do not understand the condition in depth and can’t offer their patients the treatment that they need. Physiotherapy is the most effective plantar fasciitis treatment available.

Physiotherapy plays an important role in relieving heel pain due to plantar fasciitis and preventing the reoccurrence of this condition. Physio can include many measures to treat plantar fasciitis. Some of these include taping to reduce pressure on the heel during walking, strengthening exercises and soft tissue treatments.

As the pain begins to settle it’s important to remember that this doesn’t mean the problem is completely gone. More advanced exercises may be taken on at this point to continue to increase strength in the hip and calf muscles.


Does Planters Fasciitis Ever Go Away?

The majority of patients with plantar fasciitis will improve with time. How long it will take can vary depending on the severity. The average recovery is often 3 to 6 months for many patients. Patients with minor cases often recover within a few weeks, however, those who have had the condition for a long time can expect a longer recovery time of several months. It’s best to get treatment as early as possible to ensure the fastest recovery time.


Plantar fasciitis is a condition that causes heel pain due to inflammation of the plantar fascia. Often the cause of this condition is unknown. However, there are some risk factors including being overweight, some medical conditions and overuse. Physiotherapy is an effective treatment for plantar fasciitis. If you would like more information about plantar fasciitis treatments, speak to our team at Integrity Physio.

Director & Senior Physiotherapist at Integrity Physiotherapy, Leslie Trigg, has over 13 years of experience in clinical practice. He has graduated with a degree in Human Biology (Anatomy and Physiology) from Curtin University in 2001 and later completed a Masters of Physiotherapy in 2007. He has tremendous experience in musculoskeletal, orthopaedic, neurosurgical and sports physiotherapy. In his spare time, he enjoys swimming, listening to music and spending time with his family.