Arthritis is a painful condition affecting the joints. There are over 100 different types of arthritis each with a different effect on the individual. Arthritis causes damage to the joints often resulting in pain and stiffness. These conditions can affect almost every joint in the body and other structures near the joints are also commonly affected.
As mentioned above, there are many forms of arthritis which affect the body in various ways. The most common types of arthritis include:
Osteoarthritis (OA) affects the entire joint including the bones, ligaments, cartilage and muscles. OA is often referred to as a wear and tear condition, however, it is now thought to be due to the joint working too hard to repair itself. OA sometimes gets confused with osteoporosis; however, osteoporosis differs from OA. Osteoporosis is a condition when the bones become brittle or fragile causing them to break more easily. This is sometimes associated with calcium deficiency.
OA most often affects the knee, hip, fingers and big toe joints; however, it can affect any joint in the body. OA occurs most commonly in those over the age of 40, but it can develop at any age, particularly in those who have had a previous joint injury.
OA usually comes on gradually and the symptoms will vary depending on the joints affected. The most common symptoms of osteoarthritis are pain and stiffness in the joints. You may also experience a loss of flexibility and noise in your joints such as clicking sounds.
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is an autoimmune disease. Autoimmune diseases occur when your immune system attacks your own healthy tissue. In the case of RA, your immune system attacks the lining of the joints resulting in damage and inflammation.
RA usually affects small joints such as the feet and hands, although larger joints can be affected such as the knees or hips. The cause of RA is unknown; however, it is more common in those with family history and people who smoke. RA causes symptoms such as joint pain, swelling, stiffness, and tenderness.
Ankylosing spondylitis (AS) is a type of arthritis that mainly affects the spine. Other joints such as the hips and shoulders can also be affected, however, the sacroiliac joints are most often involved. Sometimes AS affects other areas of the body such as the skin, lungs, eyes and bowel. The onset of AS often begins between 15 and 45 years.
The causes of AS are unknown. However, there is a gene associated with AS, and a family history makes it more likely to occur. AS causes back pain, stiffness, neck pain and pain in the tendons or ligaments. With early diagnosis, AS can be managed effectively.
These common types of arthritis can be effectively treated through Perth physiotherapy. Physio for arthritis in Perth can use various techniques to help improve symptoms. Physio for arthritis in Como aims to improve joint range of motion, reduce pain and stiffness, increase strength and help you to perform daily activities with ease.
If you would like more information about Physiotherapy for arthritis in Como, contact our friendly staff at Integrity Physio.